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2016虎扑体育网 专升本英语模拟试题及答案70-80题

时间: 2016年03月03日 来自: 陕西专升本网 资讯更全面,培训更专业 访问点击量:1236次

Passage Three

  The large part which war played in English affairs in the Middle-Ages, the fact that the control of the army and navy was in the hands of those that spoke French, and the circumstances that much of English fighting was done in France all resulted in the introduction into English of a number of French military terms. The art of war has undergone such changes since the battles of Hastings, Lewes, and Agincourt that many words once common are now only in historical use. Their places have been taken by later borrowings, often like wise from French, many of them being words acquired by the French in the course of their wars in Italy during the sixteenth century. Yet we still use French words of the Middle Ages when we speak of the army and the navy, of peace, enemy, battle, soldier, guard and spy, and we have kept the names of officers such as captain and sergeant. Some of the French terms were introduced into English because they were needed to express a new object or a new idea. In other cases a French and a native English word for the same thing existed side by side. Sometimes one or the other has since been lost from the language; but sometimes both the borrowed and the native word have been still in common use.

  71. The main idea of this passage is that ______.

  A. most of today‘s common English military terms dated from the sixteenth century or later

  B. a study of the English vocabulary shows the important part which war has played in the history of England

  C. many French words borrowed into English during the Middle Ages have since disappeared from the language

  D. many military terms used in English were originally borrowed from French, some as early as the Middle Age

  正确答案是: D

  72. All of the following have something to do with the introduction into English of many French military terms except that _______.

  A. war played an important part in English affairs in the Middle Ages

  B. the English army and navy were controlled by those who spoke French in the war between England and France

  C. France invaded England in the Middle Ages and many battles were fought in England

  D. much of English fighting was done in France in the war between England and France

  正确答案是: C

  73. The art of war has undergone such changes that _______.

  A. we no longer use any French words of the Middle Ages

  B. many words once common are not used any longer and they are replaced by Italian words

  C. French military terms have disappeared from the English language

  D. many words once common are now only in historical use and their places have been taken by the newly-borrowed words

  正确答案是: D

  74. Which of the following is not the French word borrowed into English during the Middle Ages?

  A. sergeant B. battle C. spy D. fight

  正确答案是: D

  75. The writer takes the words “battle” and “fight” as an example to show______.

  A. French words are needed to express something new

  B. a French and a native word for the same thing have been still in common use side by side

  C. French word or the other has been lost from the English language

  D. “battle” is the borrowed word and “fight” is the native one

  正确答案是: B

  Passage Four

  “Fingers were made before forks” when a person gives up good manners, puts aside knife and fork, and dives into his food, someone is likely to repeat that saying.

  The fork was an ancient agricultural tool, but for centuries no one thought of eating with it. Not until the eleventh century, when a young lady from Constantinople brought her fork to Italy, did the custom reach Europe.

  By the fifteenth century the use of the fork was widespread in Italy. The English explanation was that Italians were averse to eating food touched with fingers, “Seeing all men‘s fingers are not alike clean.” English travellers kept their friends in stitches while describing this ridiculous Italian custom.

  Anyone who used a fork to eat with was laughed at in England for the next hundred years. Men who used forks were thought to be sissies, and women who used them were called show-offs and overnice. Not until the late 1600‘s did using a fork become a common custom.

  76. The custom of eating with a fork was _______.

  A. brought to Europe from America B. begun when forks were invented

  C. brought to Europe from Asia D. invented by Italians

  正确答案是: C

  77. By the fifteenth century forks were used _______.

  A. all over Italy B. only in Constantinople

  C. widely in Europe D. In England

  正确答案是: A

  78. To English travellers in Italy, the use of forks seemed _______.

  A. clever B. necessary C. good manner D. ridiculous

  正确答案是: D

  79. The English thought that Italians used forks in order to ________.

  A. imitate the people of the East B. keep their food clean

  C. impress visitors with their good manners D. amuse the English

  正确答案是: B

  80. In England, people who used forks at that time were considered ______.

  A. well mannered B. sissies C. show-offs and overnice D. both B and C

  正确答案是: D

  Ⅴ。 Writing (20 points)

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed 20 minutes to write a short composition of about 80 words on the title: The Bicycle in China. Base your composition on the outline given below.

  1.在中国,自行车是最为流行的交通工具。

  2.骑自行车有许多好处。

  3.自行车的未来…

  正确答案是:

  The Bicycle in China

  The bicycle is the most popular means of transportation in China. China is a country “on bicycle wheels”。 People ride them for various purposes such as going to and from school and work. Bicycles are very cheap and easy to buy in China.

  There are many advantages to riding a bicycle. First, using a bicycle can greatly help reduce the air pollution in many big cities. Second, people can improve their health by riding a bicycle.

  The future of bicycle will be bright. In some European countries, city governments have arranged pedestrians to use “public bicycles” to travel round the city center free of charge

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